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中考英语语法总复习【专题十八:定语从句】  

2015-06-04 21:56:17|  分类: 中考英语知识点 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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专题十八:定语从句

一、定语从句

 1.定语从句的概念:在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

2.先行词:被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。

3.关系词:引导定语从句的连词叫关系词。如thatwhichwhowhomwhosewherewhen等。

4.thatwhichwhowhomwhose引导的定语从句。

关系词

指代

在定语从句中的作用

that

既指人也指物

作主语、宾语

which

指物

作主语、宾语

who

指人

作主语

whom

指人

作宾语

whose

既指人也指物

作定语

二、定语从句:1.先行词是物时,一般情况既可用thatwhich均可.但下列情况,只用that不用which

1).当先行词为指物的不定代词,如alleverythingsomethinganythingnothingnonethe one等时,只能用thatThere is nothing ______ I can do for you .

2).先行词被the only,the very,the last,all,no,little等词修饰,只用thatThis is the very book ___ I’m looking for .

3).先行词被序数词修饰时,只用that .  This is the first nextbook ______ I studied in the middle school .

4).先行词为最高级或被最高级修饰时,只能用that

This is the most beautiful mountain ______ I have ever seen .=I have _____ seen _____ a beautiful mountian .

5).先行词既有人也有物时,只能that He told us many interesting things and persons _______ we had .

2.先行词是物时,一般情况既可用that也可用which.但下列情况,只能用which不用that

1).关系代词前有介词时,关系词只能用which This is the building in ______ he lives .

2).先行词本身是that时,关系词只能用which The clock is that _____ tells the time .

3).引导非限定性的定语从句(先行词是物且先行词与关系词用逗号隔开),关系词用which

His book , ______ was lost last week , has been found now.

3.先行词是人时,一般情况下既可用who 也可用that 。但以下情况下,只能用who

1).当先行词为thoseoneonesanyone且作主语时,一般用who .Those ____ are singing are all my classmates .

2).there be 句型中,先行词指人时,只能用who。指物时用thatThere is a girl ______ expects to see you .

3).当先行词是Iyouhethey等时,只能用who He ______ plays with fire gets burned .

三、定语从句  由关系副词whenwherewhy引导的定语从句。

where =  in / at +which     when = in / on / at +which   why = for + which

1.where引导的定语从句。1).先行词是表示地点的名词     2).在定语从句中作地点状语

Is this the house ____ you lived ?=  Is this the house ____ ___ you lived ?= Is this the house ___ you lived in ?

2.when引导的定语从句。1).先行词是表示时间的名词      2).在定语从句中作时间状语

I will never forget the days ______ I met him .= I will never forget the days ____ ____ I met him.

注:先行词是the last time 时,when 可省略。When was the last time you saw the parrot ?

3.why引导的定语从句。先行词为reason 时,一般用why why在句中作原因状语。

We don’t know the reason ______ they didn’t come .

四、注意事项:

1.关系词在定语从句中作宾语时,常可省略。The story _____ he told was very popular .

A.who   B.whom    C.whose    D. /  

2.thatwhowhich在定语从句中作主语时,定语从句的谓语动词应与先行词保持一致。

I loves singers who _______(write) their own songs ./She is one of the girls who ______(study) hard .

3.定语从句中whose 的确定:无论先行词是人或物,在定语从句中做定语用whose

判断:看定语从句的主语前有无限定词(myyourJim’s等),若没有,则用whose

The girl _____ parents work in Beijing is Kate .A. who    B. whose    C. which     D. that  

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